CALIFORNIA CAREGIVERS UNION, CORP
 
                   CALIFORNIA DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
                               (1849)


                                Preamble

WE, the People of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom: in
order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution--

                   Article I. Declaration of Rights.

Sec. 1.  All men are by  nature free and independent, and have certain  un-
         alienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and  defending
         life and liberty;  acquiring, possessing and  protecting property;
         and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.

Sec. 2.  All political power  in inherent in the people. Government  is in-
         stituted for the protection,  security and benefit of  the people;
         and they have the right to alter or reform the same, whenever  the
         public good may require it.

Sec. 3.  The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, and remain in-
         violate for ever; but a jury  trial may be waived by the  parties,
         in all civil cases, in the manner to be prescribed by law.

Sec. 4.  The free exercise  and enjoyment of religious profession and  wor-
         ship,  without  discrimination  or  preference,  shall  forever be
         allowed in this State; and no person shall be rendered incompetent
         to be a witness on account of his opinions on matters of religious
         belief; but the liberty  of conscience, hereby secured,  shall not
         be so construed as to acts of licentiousness, or justify practices
         inconsistent with the peace or safety of this State.

Sec. 5.  The  privilege  of Habeas  Corpus shall  not be  suspended, unless
         when, in  cases of  rebellion or  invasion, the  public safety may
         require its suspension.

Sec. 6.  Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed,
         nor shall  cruel or  unusual punishments  be inflicted,  nor shall
         witnesses be unreasonably detained.

Sec. 7.  All persons shall  be bailable by sufficient sureties; unless  for
         capital offenses,  when the  proof is  evident or  the presumption
         great.

Sec. 8.  No person shall be  held to answer for a capital or  otherwise in-
         famous crime  (except in  cases of  impeachment, and  in cases  of
         militia when in actual service,  and the land and naval  forces in
         time of  war, or  which this  State may  keep with  the consent of
         Congress in time of peace, and in cases of petit larceny under the
         regulation of the Legislature),  unless on presentment or  indict-
         ment of a grand jury; and in any trial in any court whatever,  the
         party accused shall be allowed to appear and defend in person  and
         with counsel, as in civil  actions. No person shall be  subject to
         be twice put  in jeopardy for  the same offence;  nor shall he  be
         compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against  himself,
         nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process
         of law; nor shall private property be taken without just compensa-
         tion.

Sec. 9.  Every citizen may freely speak, write, and publish his  sentiments
         on all subjects,  being responsible for  the abuse of  that right;
         and no law shall be passed  to restrain or abridge the liberty  of
         speech or of  the press. In  all criminal prosecutions  on indict-
         ments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the  jury;
         and if  it shall  appear to  the jury  that the  matter charged as
         libelous is  true, and  was published  with good  motives and  for
         justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted; and the jury shall
         have the right to determine the law and the fact.

Sec. 10. The people  shall have the right  freely to assemble together,  to
         consult for  the common  good, to  instruct their representatives,
         and to petition the Legislature for redress of grievances.

Sec. 11. All laws of a general nature shall have a uniform operation.

Sec. 12. The military shall be subordinate to the civil power. No  standing
         army shall be kept up by this State in time of peace; and in  time
         of war no appropriation for a standing army shall be for a  longer
         time than two years.

Sec. 13. No  soldier shall, in  time of peace,  be quartered in  any house,
         without the consent of  the owner; nor in  time of war, except  in
         the manner to be prescribed by law.

Sec. 14. Representation shall be according to population.

Sec. 15. No  person shall be  imprisoned for debt,  in any civil  action on
         mesne or final  process, unless in  cases of fraud;  and no person
         shall be imprisoned for a militia fine in time of peace.

Sec. 16. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the  ob-
         ligation of contracts, shall ever be passed.

Sec. 17. Foreigners who are, or may hereafter become bona fide residents of
         this State, shall enjoy the same rights in respect to the possess-
         ion, enjoyment, and inheritance of property, as native born  citi-
         zens.

Sec. 18. Neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punish-
         ment of crimes, shall ever be tolerated in this State.

Sec. 19. The  right of the  people to be  secure in their  persons, houses,
         papers, and effects,  against unreasonable seizures  and searches,
         shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but on  probable
         cause, supported by  oath or affirmation,  particularly describing
         the place to be searched, and the persons and things to be seized.

Sec. 20. Treason  against  the  State  shall  consist  only  in levying war
         against it, adhering  to it enemies,  or giving them  aid and com-
         fort.  No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the evi-
         dence of  two witnesses  to the  same overt  act, or confession in
         open court.

Sec. 21. This  enumeration of rights  shall not be  construed to impair  or
         deny others retained by the people.






"A Union of the people for the people, created to fight sides with the people"                             (The sick, the ill and the strong will withstand to the end, unified and fearless)

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